White Paper 2012 Compliant Voltage Calculations: 1971, Signaling Devices for the Hearing Impaired, Revisions Explained Compliant Voltage Drop Calculations: UL 1971, Signaling Devices for the Hearing Impaired, 2004 Revisions Explained manufacturers, fire marshals, AHJs and inspectors in the fire protection community, standards continually changing. Until new standards or revisions are communicated, understood and executed, fire protection professionals searching for product information may be confused the array of specifications on data sheets. This document details key aspects of the May 2004 to UL 1971, Signaling Devices for the Hearing Impaired. The revisions standardize how currents are measured and how voltage ranges are listed and published. Challenges professionals seeking current draw information for notification appliances may be confused by the various ways are presented on data sheets. Despite the revision to UL 1971 standardizing current draw measurements, continue to show multiple specifications. Because the fire protection community is so large and widespread and standards are continually changing, communicating to codes or standards is difficult. purpose of this document is to inform fire protection professionals of the revision to UL 1971, Signaling Devices for the Impaired. Operating Current and Voltage Specifications May 2004, Underwriters Laboratories (UL) revised UL 1971, standardizing operating current measurements to provide among manufacturers. They now require strobe operating current to be measured using root mean square (RMS) than peak and average values, and surge currents must be maintained within levels that the system power supply can The operating current must be measured at the voltage where the current draw is at its maximum. By and large, these have been implemented by the industry. However, confusion is present across the fire industry because current can no longer be specified at the nominal operating voltage of the system. on its location on the loop and the many tolerances involved throughout a notification system, a device designed regulated 24 volt operation may end up operating at a voltage considerably higher or lower. UL has defined this worst case range to be between 16 and 33 volts. Devices designed for regulated 12V operation have a worst case voltage range 8 to 17.5V. Since device currents vary considerably with applied voltage, the only way to guarantee that the power supply provide enough current under all conditions is to specify individual device currents at their highest values. Based on this UL implemented the requirement that the current rating published in the installation manual must represent the maximum draw of the device across that range. Unfortunately, since UL has no control over most printed materials and web sites, manufacturers continue to provide current draws taken at 24 volts. While this provides an illusion of lower current draws, increases the risk of system failure during an emergency situation. The maximum RMS current may or may not occur at the endpoints of the voltage range. UL has acknowledged that the voltage of a notification appliance is not usually 24 volts. This is due to the inherent drop in the circuit. Depending where the appliance is positioned on the circuit, the voltage will likely drop to minimum operating voltage. Sensor. Advanced Ideas. Advanced Solutions. Compliant Voltage Drop Calculations: UL 1971, Signaling Devices for the Hearing Impaired, 2004 Revisions Explained of Standardizing Operating Current & Voltage Specifications RMS measurements better reflect the power consumption of a product because the entire current draw is considered. Regulated devices are compatible with regulated outputs on the control panel, regardless of manufacturer. protection professionals can easily compare manufacturers current draw specifications. UL Max Current Specifications Setting Advance Strobe Current Draw Operating Current Volts Volts Operating Current Volts Volts Rectified. Current.